BIM TECHNOLOGY IN DESIGN OF BUILDINGS

Design and construction technologies are developing. Industrial, civil and commercial projects are becoming more complex and more interesting. BIM-design is replacing traditional CAD-systems.

What is BIM?

BIM (Building Information Modelling) is a complex building information modeling. This technology is a process of collective creation and use of project data at the stages of its life cycle (from planning to construction, operation and demolition/reconstruction). Provided that the structure and everything therewith are considered as a whole.

BIM is processing of three-dimensional model of the project and creation of a database that specialists fill in with architectural and design, economical, technological, engineering, construction and other important parameters of the building. If required ecological, operational and legal data is added to this database.

As a result, all legal and physical entities participating in the building’s life cycle (investors, clients, general contractors, general designers, construction companies, maintenance companies, etc.) are able to work with such project.

BIM principles

Main BIM principles are:

  • Processing of three-dimensional model of the building;
  • Availability of all design data therein;
  • Automatic generation of specifications and drawings;
  • Smart parametrization;
  • Possibility to study and to control time and budget components of the project progressing.

Smart parametrization is the main BIM’s peculiarity. If there are any changes in the project’s characteristics, the interlinked parameters will be renewed. This simplifies decision-making process.

Due to integration of all building’s characteristics and design sections in one multidimensional space, BIM allows seeing and estimating results of construction before this construction itself starts.

Practical use of BIM application

BIM is an important advantage for clients, maintenance services, construction and design companies.

What do clients and maintenance services receive?

Big benefits. The buildings that have been created using BIM planning, design and construction, pay back much faster than structures being erected under traditional schemes.

This is possible as the complex model makes the project’s operation more convenient, transparent and efficient. If specialists use GREEN BIM (symbiosis of eco-construction and information modelling) for design then expenses on energy sources and utility systems will be minimal. It will be much easier to obtain green system standards certificates for such building. And availability of these documents will increase the project’s cost significantly.

Besides, BIM envisages complete transparency of money outflows. The model created by professionals will define the project’s budget the most precisely. The client will avoid additional expenses due to unconscientiousness of contractors and construction companies.

Maintenance services will also benefit. Available BIM model will simplify the process of finding and preventing problems. For complex projects the specialists create unified systems for monitoring and operation of structures. This is required to rectify any defects and violations as soon as possible.

BIM efficiency during design

 

  1. To expedite design processing. The specialists create unified multidimensional space. This simplifies interaction of employees. The technology borders the responsibilities, permits distant work and warns about collisions. BIM means no extra data and any data loss when converting and transferring.
  2. To have fast payback. Competent integration of the technology and use of BIM in building design justifies itself by that the third party or extra paid outsourced specialists are not engaged in developing the model.
  3. To integrate. BIM products are easy to combine with other CAD systems.
  4. To correct the information model fast. After there are any changes in any parameters, the other characteristics will receive new values automatically. To estimate the effect of corrections within short period of time is possible due to convenient analytics tools.

Benefit of BIM application in design is the most obvious when receiving specifications and estimates. The systems provide with 100% precise data. If required recalculation will take several minutes. This is important for both – designers and clients.

What does BIM give to construction companies?

BIM allows construction companies:

  • Controlling quality of initial documentation and estimates;
  • Arranging the project’s construction in a right way;
  • Optimizing logistics;
  • Dividing financing into stages;
  • Conducting precise field supervision.

It is possible as BIMs created by designers have 4 levels.

  1. 3D spatial model that construction companies use to control initial documentation, to create working documents, to place the order for equipment, to hire staff, to calculate expenses, etc.
  2. 5D. This is a 3D model with added object and orientation technologies. It visualizes the process of the project’s operation. The designers include moving people, performance of equipment, different weather conditions, changes of seasons, etc. there. This allows considering all peculiarities of the project’s construction completely.
  3. 4D is a model of a complete construction cycle. It is required for precise management of the building erection process in accordance with the working schedule. When introducing changes, the system allows selecting the most efficient and economically reasonable ways for trouble-shooting.
  4. 5D (4D+information). At this level, the specialists calculate estimates and define the final project’s cost. BIMs simplify and expedite these works significantly. All data that is required for this calculation is set in the base. It is processed in automatic mode.

The above advantages and peculiarities of the technology explain relevancy and efficiency of BIM application in construction.

Use of BIM in construction of private and industrial structures. How works progress on the site

  1. Supervision of construction processing.

It is easy to use the model. The engineer follows the construction works constantly and logs the information about completed stages to the system. The computer is linked to the cloud service and logs changes into the main file of the information model. The system forwards corrected data to the interested physical and legal entities automatically.

Due to such approach, the office receives actual information about the situation on the construction site in time. The company’s management receives all required reports. It allows introducing required corrections in time.

For example, if erection of some building progresses faster than it has been planned than the project manager optimizes manpower or sends additional staff to the zone for help there where construction is delaying.

  1. Field supervision and quality management

A supervising engineer works in standard mode. The specialist inspects the project and logs gathered data into the local BIM model. The information is transferred further in a similar way.

  1. Labor safety

To estimate the labor safety engineers use the European approach that is  set in BIM technology. The specialist inspects the project on a regular basis, makes photographs and logs the gathered data into the computer.

The system will calculate the safety factor in dynamics and in the sections. Data gathered by the engineer and reports are delivered to the company’s management. Timely introduction of required corrections increases safety of the staff engaged in the construction works.

Order BIM design in MEGA-STROY, LLC

As you may see, BIM is perfect for use at any phase of life cycle of private, commercial and industrial projects (design, construction and operation). We are keeping up to date and use cutting edge technologies actively.

Would you like to order BIM design? Please, contact our specialists in any way convenient. We will develop the design within the agreed period and if required will deliver it.